Global Hazards of Tobacco and The Benefits of Smoking Cessation and Tobacco Tax
Authors: Prabhat Jha, Mary MacLennan, Ayda Yurekli, Chinthanie Ramasundarahettige, Krishna Palipudi, Witold Zatoński, Samira Asma, Prakash C. Gupta
Based on current smoking patterns that indicate approximately 50 percent of young men and 10 percent of young women will become smokers in early adult life and relatively few will stop, annual tobacco deaths are likely to rise from five million in 2010 to more than 10 million in a few decades. Worldwide, a reduction of one-third in the numbers of people who smoke could be achieved by doubling the real price of cigarettes, which in many low- and middle-income countries could be achieved by tripling the real excise tax on tobacco. Other non-price interventions could help to reduce consumption and to make substantial increases in real excise taxes politically acceptable.