Costs, Effectiveness, and Cost-Effectiveness of Selected Surgical Procedures and Platforms

Authors: Shankar Prinja, Arindam Nandi, Sue Horton, Carol Levin, Ramanan Laxminarayan

Introduction:
An estimated 11 percent of deaths and disability worldwide is attributable to surgically preventable conditions (Debas and others 2006). Although approximately 234 million surgeries are performed worldwide each year, the distribution is very inequitable (Funk and others 2010). Nearly two billion people live in areas with a density of less than one operating room per 100,000 population (Funk and others 2010); in high-income countries (HICs), the density is 14 per 100,000. With this scarcity of surgical services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the need for scaling up is imperative.