At the 2012 WHO World Health Assembly, member states agreed to a goal of reducing rates of premature death from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) by 25 percent by 2025, starting from a 2008 baseline (WHO 2011b, a). The UN Sustainable Development Goals for 2030 that will be announced in September 2015 will also include reducing premature death from NCDs, of which cancer is a substantial part (map 1.1).
This chapter summarizes the analyses and conclusions of the 79 authors of this volume on cancer, Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3 Cancer), and analyzes interventions for effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, affordability, and feasibility in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs; see box 1.1 for key messages). The intent is to help governments of LMICs commit to locally appropriate national cancer control strategies that will include a range of cost-effective interventions, customized to local epidemiological patterns and available funding, and to convey this commitment widely to their populations. Where affordable treatment can be provided, conveying this to the public can motivate people to seek treatment when their cancer is at an earlier, much more curable stage. Providing a package of services that addresses a large part of the cancer burden will go a long way toward helping countries reach the new NCD goals.