Structural Heart Disease

Authors: David Watkins, Babar Hasan, Bongani Mayosi, Gene Bukhman, Antonio Marin-Neto, Anis Rassi, Junior, Anis Rassi, Krishna Kumar


Structural heart diseases constitute a large proportion of the burden of cardiovascular disease in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Some conditions, such as rheumatic heart disease and Chagas disease, are associated with poverty and are preventable. Congenital heart disease, in contrast, is prevalent in all regions, but treatment is more readily available in higher-income countries. All structural heart diseases have a progressive course in the absence of prevention or surgical treatment. 



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