Peripheral Artery Disease

Authors: , Gerald Fowkes, Nadraj Naidoo, Michael Criqui


Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a global problem characterized by increased disability and mortality over the past two decades, and higher relative increase in disease burden in developing regions, compared with developed nations. The disease burden is significant among women and young adults, and not restricted to men or the elderly. There is rising worldwide prevalence of the modifiable risk factors for PAD, including smoking, cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. These realities call for coordinated targeted cost-effective response centered on prevention and risk factor control for overall reduction of CVD burden, especially in low-resource settings. 



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