Ischemic Heart Disease: Cost-Effective Acute Management and Secondary Prevention

Authors: Chandrasagar Dugani, Andrew Moran, Robert Bonow, Thomas Gaziano

Introduction:

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the single most important cause of death worldwide; in 2010, it resulted in 16 million deaths and the loss of 293 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) (Lozano and others 2012; Murray and others 2012)vasculature that supplies the heart, brain, and other vital organs (Roth and others 2015). Of all of the causes of CVD, ischemic heart disease (IHD) remains the major contributor to mortality and morbidity. IHD results from delivery of insufficient oxygen to meet the demands of the heart and largely manifests as angina, acute myocardial infarction, and ischemic heart failure (Moran and others 2012).