Surgical Interventions for Congenital Anomalies

Authors: Diana Farmer, Nicole Sitkin, Katrine Lofberg, Peter Donkor, Doruk Ozgediz

Great strides have been made during the past 50 years in the diagnosis and management of congenital anomalies, once referred to as birth defects. Formally fatal conditions can now be treated with success rates exceeding 90 percent. Yet improvements in care havebeen largely limited to high-income countries (HICs),even though many anomalies can be cured with simpleoperations (Chirdan, Ngiloi, and Elhalaby 2012). If surgery is the neglected stepchild of global health (Farmer and Kim 2008), then pediatric surgery is the child not yet born.
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