Heart Failure

Authors: Mark Huffman, Gregory Roth, Karen Sliwa, Clyde Yancy, Dorairaj Prabhakaran


Heart failure is a clinical syndrome whereby the heart is unable to meet the metabolic demands of the body due to functional limitations in ventricular filling (diastole), ejection (systole), or both (Yancy and others 2013). Heart failure is a heterogeneous, progressive, chronic disease with protean symptoms, including fatigue, breathlessness at rest or with exertion, and fluid retention in the lungs or extremities.



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