Economic Factors in Defining the Early Childhood Package

Authors: Sue Horton, Maureen Black


The importance and effectiveness of interventions aimed at enriching early childhood development has been discussed in chapter 17 in this volume (lead author: Maureen Black).  Surveys of the literature for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) include Engle and others (2007), Engle and others (2011), and Nores and Barnett (2010). 

Recent literature has begun to consider the synergies in delivering combined interventions focusing on nutrition or health in conjunction with child development. Surveys have examined whether co-delivery enhances outcomes, reduces costs, and/or increases cost-effectiveness or benefit:cost ratios (Batura and others 2014; Grantham-McGregor and others 2014).