Cardiovascular, Respiratory, and Related Conditions: Key Messages on Essential Interventions to Address its Burden in Low-and Middle-Income Countries

Authors: Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Shuchi Anand, Thomas Gaziano, Yangfeng Wu, Jean Claude Mbanya, Rachel Nugent


The volume covers cardiovascular, respiratory, and related diseases and conditions, including a set of important risk factors. In the global health world, these conditions are a large part of what is commonly called, chronic non-communicable diseases, or NCDs. In DCP3, cancer and mental health – also within the NCD canopy – are presented in Volumes 3 and 4.  They are responsible for a large and growing share of health burden in the world – a burden that is rising especially fast in low- and low-middle income countries that are ill-equipped to prevent them. They are closely related, share many risk factors, precursors and sequelae for the others, and therefore have common control measures. In this volume, the focus is primarily on those conditions which are associated with the greatest burden, and for which there are interventions which are both effective and scalable. The key findings and messages of the volume are presented in this overview chapter, along with an assessment of critical health system barriers to scale up evidence based interventions and how to overcome them.