HIV/AIDS Co-morbidities: Impact on Cancer, Non-Communicable Disease, and Reproductive Health

Authors: Corey Casper, Heidi Crane, Manoj Menon, Deborah Money

The total number of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide continues to grow annually, attributable to both new infections and the increased longevity of infected persons treated with potent antiretroviral therapy (ART). This growing population bears the burden of associated health conditions that complicate long-term HIV infection. Specifically,  secondary epidemics of cancer; reproductive health maladies; and noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, renal dysfunction, and liver damage have been observed across the globe.