Tailoring the Local HIV Response to Local HIV Epidemic

Authors: David Wilson, Jessica Taaffe

Introduction:
In the 30 years since the global appearance of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), we have come extraordinarily far in our fight against it. We know its physical routes of transmission and how to prevent infection at the individual level, and we have proven intervention strategies at the population level. Yet, despite global declines in modeled incidence, measured incidence remains high in cohort studies and is growing within certain demographics. This concerning trend underscores the need to thoroughly examine how local and national HIV/AIDS epidemics are sustained.