Viral Hepatitis

Author: Stefan Wiktor

Introduction:
Viral hepatitis is caused by five distinct viruses (hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E), which have different routes of transmission and varying courses of disease (table 15.1). According to the Global Health Estimates, deaths from acute and chronic hepatitis in 2012 were the tenth leading cause of death and the sixteenth leading cause of disability. Hepatitis was responsible for 1.45 million deaths (95 percent uncertainty interval 1.38 million to 1.54 million) in 2013, a number that exceeds deaths from HIV/AIDS (Stanaway and others 2016).