Estimating the Economic Returns of Education from a Health Perspective
This paper analyzes the economic returns to education investments from a health perspective.1 It specifically aims to estimate the effects of education on under-five mortality, adult mortality and fertility. In addition, it calculates the economic returns to education resulting from declines in under-five mortality and adult mortality, while also taking into account the effects of education investments on income. It also develops policy-relevant recommendations that help to guide education investments. Our study comes at a critical juncture for education and health, as the global community moves forward in the context of the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which have stressed the importance of taking into account the cross-sectoral nature of global development challenges.