Trends in Morbidity and Mortality Attributable to Injuries and Selected Environmental Hazards

Authors: David Watkins, Nazila Dabestani, Charles Mock, Mark Cullen, Kirk R. Smith, Rachel Nugent


The effects of globalization on low- and middle-income country (LMIC) economies and societies have led to major changes in the disease burden attributable to injuries and environmental risks. On the one hand, rapidly developing regions face a rising number of road traffic-related injuries (RTIs) and fatalities, as well as health effects from increasingly polluted air. On the other hand, economic development has led to greater availability of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services and a reduced burden of diarrheal and helminthic illness in many settings. These trends are heterogeneous, however, with very poor countries, and regions within populous countries such as India, exhibiting slower progress.