Occupation and Risk for Injuries

Authors: Safa Abdalla, Spenser Apramian, Linda Cantley, Mark Cullen

Introduction:

The world of work has changed dramatically, with globalization affecting the structure of workplaces, the way work is performed, and occupational safety and health (OSH). Despite great strides in OSH during the last century, an estimated 317 million nonfatal occupational injuries and 321,000 occupational fatalities occur globally each year. In other words, 151 workers sustain a work-related accident every 15 seconds (ILO 2013a). Poor workplace safety and health place a substantial economic burden on individuals, employers, and society. Estimates from the International Social Security Association suggest that costs associated with nonfatal workplace accidents alone equal approximately 4 percent of world gross domestic product (GDP) each year (ISSA 2014; SafeWork 2012).