The Impact of Household Energy Interventions on Health and Finances in Haryana, India: An Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Authors: Ajay Pillarisetti, Dean Jamison, Kirk R. Smith

Introduction:

Approximately 40 percent of the world’s population relies on solid fuels, including wood, dung, grass, crop residues, and coal, for cooking (Bonjour and others 2013). Household air pollution (HAP) arising from this use of solid fuels results in 3 million to 4 million deaths yearly from acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in children and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), ischemic heart disease (IHD), stroke, and lung cancer in adults. This burden constitutes approximately 5 percent of global mortality, ranking high among all environmental risk factors contributing to global ill health (Forouzanfar and others 2015; Smith and others 2014).