Surgical Platforms and Policies


12. Organization of essential surgical services and the role of clinics and first-level hospitals (Lead: Colin McCord)

13. Specialized surgical platforms (Lead author: Mark Shrime)

14. Pre-hospital and emergency care (Lead author: Amardeep Thind)

15. Anesthesia and perioperative care (Lead author: Kelly McQueen)

16. Excess surgical mortality: Strategies for improving quality of care (Lead author: Tom Weiser)

17. Workforce innovations: Surgical training and task shifting (Lead author: Staffan Bergstrom)